How UV radiation cause skin cancer…
And why skin cancer checks are so important in Melbourne
There are several reasons that make Australia one of the countries with the highest incidences of skin cancer. Most cities within Australia including Melbourne, receive higher UV radiation than most other countries. This is largely due to is geographical position. Furthermore, many people in Australia enjoy an outdoors lifestyle including sports, camping and spending time at the beach. Annual skin cancer checks are recommended for all adults. If you are located in Melbourne you can find our clinic to help you diagnose, manage and treat skin cancer.
Increased UV exposure is one of the contributing causes of skin cancer. Ultraviolet radiation (UV) is naturally given out by the sun, although it is artificial from the sunbeds. UV rays are of 3 types mainly, and two of them cause skin cancer:
- UVA invades deep into the skin. It causes less towards sunburn but at the same time ages the skin.
- The majority of sunburns are caused by UVB.
- UVC is the most dangerous of all, but fortunately, the ozone layer blocks it out and hence it doesn’t reach the earth’s surface.
How does UV & the sun cause cancer?
When there is sufficient levels of UV radiation, it damages the DNA in our skin cells and causes them to grow abnormally, which will eventually lead to skin cancer. Although skin cancer could be developed in anyone, certain people could be at a much higher risk, such as those with fairer skin types or with a family history of skin cancers.
It is extremely important to remember that sun damages do not only happen on sunny days or holidays. The sun is often strong enough to cause damage in Melbourne, even on cloudy days.
Did you know – getting sunburnt just once in two years could triple your risk of getting skin cancer?
What is sunburn?
A sunburn is a form of radiation burn that affects living tissue, such as skin, that results from an overexposure to ultraviolet radiation, usually from the sun. Common symptoms include red skin that is tender, general fatigue, and mild dizziness. In more severe cases, blisters may form. Frequent sunburn is a known risk factor in the development of skin cancer.
Can skin cancer be life threatening?
Yes. Melanoma is a dangerous form of skin cancer and at its advanced stages may metastasize, or spread to other parts of the body. Early detection of melanoma when it is at its early stages is known to improve survival. Other forms of skin cancer such as squamous cell carcinoma also can metastasize. It is therefore advisable to get annual skin cancer checks in Melbourne, which will allow for earlier treatment and diagnosis.
If you wish to know more about how to prevent skin cancer or if you have noticed a skin spot that looks suspicious, visit Manningham Skin Cancer Clinic in Victoria. To know more about us, give us a phone call or make an appointment online.